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2014-2015 exam
10-05-2015, 04:23 PM
Post: #1
2014-2015 exam
II. Literature and Revolution الأدب و الثورة

Part One:

(1) … there are former students who, even though they are deaf-mutes, are in the fighting. They put them on barrages, behind big sand bags. They shoot. They see bodies fall in silence. … Far away, the big powers are too busy, and besides, they never think about us. So we just keep it up. In silence. From the Gulf to the Atlantic, on our geography maps, the Arabs are silent . … Every Sunday in the mountains they cut off a sheep’s head, right on the sidewalk, and take out its entrails and, later, eat its liver … Now they do the same thing with the Moslems and Palestinians. They say the Moslems and Palestinians do the same thing to Christians. … Nobody loves us. Our parents beat us … They say we are worthless … only Sitt Marie loves us.

(2)Young, he was already worldly. He was afraid of being taken for a weakling. He had an obsessive fear of failure … He was, however, extremely sensitive …. I made fun of him, teased him. He said, you like Arab music. You like Oum Kalsoum because you like Abdel Nasser. They are alike … He was different from his friends … Eventually though, his friends did have an influence over him … The Crusades excited all of them. Every year, those French priests led a procession in which all the students of the Christian schools dressed in white tunics with square red crosses sewn front and back … I remember [telling him] “you come from here. You’re not a foreigner. You don’t come from France or England. You could never be a Crusader.” “Are you sure?” he asked with a sadness that misted his eyes, “Then what am I going to become?”

(3)They don’t feel the opposition between that internal road which leads back to the tribe, and that need that one feels under other skies, to break down the barriers and take a look around, like liberated goats, to go randomly towards a humanity that moves to the rhythm of the turning stars. … But a woman who stands up to them and looks them in the eye is a tree to be cut down, and they cut it down. She falls with the sound of the dead wood which disappears among the perfidious murmurings of the city, and to the smirking of other women who are satisfied with the male victories.

Provide a detailed literary analysis of ALL the extracts above. The questions below are guidelines to the elements that must be included in your answer. Your analysis should be written in essay form.

1. Who are the speakers of the three passages? In which part of the novel do these passages appear (Time I or Time II)?
2. What are the events associated with each (give a BRIEF description of these events)
3. Describe BRIEFLY how the three passages reflect the relationship between Time I and Time II?
4. The three passages underline the major ideas presented in the novel. List BRIEFLY the major ideas that each passage presents to the reader (you will deal in details with each in the development)
5. In Sitt Marie Rose, Etel Adnan makes an excellent use of the children. At once innocent and mature, they act as (a) a metaphor, (b) a magnifying lens through which the reader sees Marie Rose, © a channel for the “abject”, and (d) a manifestation of the enculturation of violence. Explain
6. Etel Adnan employs juxtaposition in relation to the speakers in passage (2) in order to expose the effects of acculturation and to draw the “sensitive” speaker as both victim (like the children) and victimizer.
7. In passage (3), the speaker skillfully diagnoses the root of the tragedy that led to the slaughtering of Marie Rose. Explain with reference to the thesis proposed by Amartya Sen in his book, Identity and Violence (refer to your presentation of chapter 1 , 2 or 3 of the book).
8. Etel Adnan employs an ingenious narrative technique to deliver her rebellious messages in the novel (which you have discussed in your analysis of the above passages). Explain the role of the global narrator with reference to the Reader-Response theory, and state how the novel’s narrative technique has affected you personally.

Part Two

Write an essay on the following statement:

In The Butterfly Wings, Mohamed Salmawy skillfully employs the theory of the Butterfly Effect and meshes it with the grand metaphor of the butterfly which runs throughout the whole novel. Explain, with special reference to development of the major female character of the novel. Support your analysis with quotations from the novel.
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